The judicial institution that serves to protect rights and freedoms of the people in the countries who are signed to the American Convention on Human Rights, The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, has ruled in favour of the legal recognition of same-sex families and transgender individuals.
The judges said that governments “must recognise and guarantee all the rights that are derived from a family bond between people of the same sex,” and should “guarantee access to all existing forms of domestic legal systems, including the right to marriage, in order to ensure the protection of all the rights of families formed by same-sex couples without discrimination”.
The court also included considerations for transgender people, ruling that States must ensure that individuals of all sexual orientations and gender identities can live with the same dignity and respect that all people enjoy.
The decision came after a petition was submitted to the court two years ago by Costa Rican President Luis Guillermo Solis.
There are 16 countries who signed the American Convention on Human Rights, that have not yet legalised same-sex marriage.
These countries include Barbados, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Suriname.
The court recommended that these rights be locked in with temporary decrees while the countries’ governments go through the process of passing permanent laws.
AFP reports that Venezuela, which does not recognise same-sex marriage, has withdrawn from the convention.